The Doberman Pinscher (German pronunciation: [ˈdoːbɐman ˈpɪnʃɐ]), or Dobermann, or Doberman, is a medium-large breed of domestic dogoriginally developed around 1890 by Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann, a tax collector from Germany. The muzzle is long, and so affords the leverage for an extremely strong bite. The Doberman stands on its toes (not the pads) and is not usually heavy-footed. Ideally, they have an even and graceful gait. Traditionally, the ears are cropped and posted, and the tail is docked. However, in some countries it is illegal to do so. Dobermans have markings on the chest, paws/legs, muzzle, above the eyes, and underneath the tail.
Doberman Pinschers are well known as intelligent, alert, and tenaciously loyal companions and guard dogs. Personality varies a great deal between each individual, but if taken care of and trained properly they tend to be loving and devoted companions. The Doberman is driven, strong, and sometimes stubborn. Owning one requires commitment and care, but if trained well, they can be wonderful family dogs. With a consistent approach they can be easy to train and will learn very quickly. As with all dogs, if properly trained, they can be excellent with children.
A doberman puppy needs to sleep a lot. In the first week or more, with exception of meals, toilet necessities and very short sessions of play, should be left sleeping. Better stay at home with a baby done during the first 2 weeks.
Contrary to the belief that a big dog with big temperament needs lot of space, therefore a house with garden is needed, it is not true. Doberman needs company of his human. He won't roam even in the biggest garden, when his human does not go out with him.But he needs to walk and run and play. And training.
He accepts a dog bed, but be prepared - he prefers to spend his day in the sofa. Will also try to sleep with you in bed, if not put in his place right away.
Meals - twice a day. Plenty of water - always accessible, for he drinks a lot. Be sure to put the water bowl in a water-proof place, he spills half of what he drinks.
A doberman puppy shouldn't walk the stairs - if you don't want to bear a 12-16 kg dog ( and fast growing ) in your arms for 2 months, better live on the first floor.
Brushing once in a while - rather with soft brush. Should be washed at least 2 a year (start with 6 months old pup, not earlier), if he lets you doing it!
excellent guard dog - shouldn't be kept outside all the time. Never when it's hot or cold. But he hears or feels people passing by even through the walls.
the owner better be a person that is in good physical health and sportive - long walks,frisbee or football sessions, but - attention: doberman has a lot of stamina but cannot run for hours. If you ride a bike long distance, better leave the dobe at home. He runs fast but for SHORT distance, after an hour of free (not tied to a bike) run he needs a drink and a nap - but after half an hour he'll be ready to play again.
Good for jogging.
None of the intensive, sporting activities should be exercised while it is hot.
Every dog is an individual, there is no dobermann temperament, even though all dobes have some common characteristics. They may be calm or extremely nervous, but all are excitable. Dobermanns are not aggressive - they can be made such very easily, though, because of high excitation level and because many of them tend to be rather timid. They show extreme suspicion toward people they feel are afraid of them - which earned them bad reputation of aggressive dogs.
Dispose of sense of humor.
Very loyal and very obedient (if well trained) - tend to be "one master dog", which means they will demonstrate absolute obedience only for one person in the family and only conditional for others. However,they bow to authority of a person that knows how to handle dogs, even if they don't know that person.
It is a dog with a lot of energy, that needs to be occupied. Playful, fast runner.
Needs to be put together with other dogs or even cats (adult cats) already in babyhood, otherwise has problems to accept or ignore them.
Learns fast and is eager to please his human. Can be housebroken in 2-3 weeks.
As a man made breed and a big dog, can be object to all health hazards observed in other big breeds, and some others as well.
Who wishes to buy a dobe pup, should be sure, the pups parents had been checked for dysplasia (X-rays) and had had their eyes checked, as dobermanns are prone to hereditary eye problems that could cause blindness. (in some European countries such checks are obligatory in order to obtain breeding status).
Life span is about 10 years.
As any big dog,a dobermann should be fed twice a day, with obligatory calm period afore and after meal. (a least 30 min).
Dobermanns have sensitive stomachs and often suffer from digestion problems. Breeders usually give feeding infos, but sometimes the change of food is necessary.
Dobermans could be also victims of heart problems (usually in adult life). One of them is cardiomyopathie - some other breeds could be victims of this disease, too, but for dobermanns it is a fast death sentence. While with smaller breeds the treat man can maintain them for about two years, dobermanns - having big hearts - could be killed by the disease in 3 months,(we were lucky to extend the time to 6 months). The disease is well researched in case of dobermanns, many studies were made all over the world. If your dobermann has problems breathing, isn't active anymore,avoids sun, check his heart in the nearest clinic.
The bigger the dobe, the greater the danger of his life span being shorter than expected.
Never let your dog outside without any possibility to hide from the heat and sun.