Dog breeds
General Description

The Golden Retriever is a sturdy, muscular dog of medium size, famous for the dense, lustrous coat of gold that gives the breed its name. The broad head, with its friendly and intelligent eyes, short ears, and straight muzzle, is a breed hallmark. In motion, Goldens move with a smooth, powerful gait, and the feathery tail is carried, as breed fanciers say, with a “merry action.”

The Golden Retriever is one of the most popular dog breeds in the U.S. The breed’s friendly, tolerant attitude makes him a fabulous family pet, and his intelligence makes him a highly capable working dog. Golden Retrievers excel at retrieving game for hunters, tracking, sniffing out drugs, and as therapy and assistance dogs. They’re also natural athletes, and do well in dog sports such as agility and competitive obedience.

  • Active
  • Friendly
  • Playful
  • Independent
  • Calm
Living Conditions

Golden Retrievers should live in big houses, they are friendly with children and other pets, but they are big so these dogs need a lot of space. Near the house, there should be garden or park.

Suitable for

Everybody's friend, Golden Retrievers are known for their devoted and obedient nature as a family companion. They are an apt sporting retriever as well and yearn for a day in the field. Ignoring their active nature and powerful physique can lead to behavior problems, and they need daily physical and mental exercise. They tend to be overly exuberant and boisterous, and their enthusiasm for everything often distracts them during training; however, they are eager to please and enjoy learning. The golden's achievements in competitive obedience are remarkable. They especially enjoy games that involve retrieving and love to carry items in their mouth.

Goldens are outgoing, trustworthy, and eager-to-please family dogs, and relatively easy to train. They take a joyous and playful approach to life and maintain this puppyish behavior into adulthood. These energetic, powerful gundogs enjoy outdoor play. For a breed built to retrieve waterfowl for hours on end, swimming and fetching are natural pastimes.


Major concerns: CHD, elbow dysplasia, cataractMinor concerns: entropion, distchiasis, trichiasis, cataract, pyotraumaticdermatitis, subvalvular aortic stenosis, OCD, allergies, vWD, cardiomyopathyOccasionally seen: gastric torsion, epilepsy, CPRA, osteosarcomaSuggested tests: hip, elbow, eye, cardiac, (blood)Life span: 10-13 years


The golden retriever needs daily exercise and human interaction. Challenging obedience lessons, active games or retrieving sessions are all good ways to exercise the golden's mind and body. They are such a social dog that they are best when they share their life with their family. The coat does not tend to mat but needs twice weekly brushing.

Contributors: Blanche and Meda